WEB DESIGN USING GRID-BASED LAYOUT METHOD

With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, web developer brisbane Nets and Webs

Why upgrade to enterprise risk management?

The Global Financial Crisis taught us the importance of robust risk management practices in identifying and addressing issues that have the potential to impact on overall business objectives. Many organisations have implemented risk management programs, however a significant proportion of these have yet to realise the benefits of upgrading their programs to best-practice Enterprise Risk Management.

What’s the problem with traditional risk management programs?

Historically, risk management has tended to focus only on the negative – how do we identify what might go wrong? How bad will things get if it does? How can we stop it?

Another feature of old-fashioned risk management has been the tendency for it to be “siloed”, with each section of an organisation having its own approach to managing risk.

Modern, best practice Enterprise Risk Management has moved contemporary risk management programs and thinking beyond these limitations.

Why is Enterprise Risk Management better?

Enterprise Risk Management (also known as ERM) has a range of benefits for contemporary businesses:

  • ERM achieves efficiencies across the whole of the organisation by integrating a common approach throughout all functional areas.
  • ERM avoids the pitfall of concentrating on minor risks (such as slip hazards) at the expense of big picture risks (such as failure of critical infrastructure).
  • ERM captures the positive side of risk management, by also considering opportunities for new services, process efficiencies, improved methods of service delivery etc.

What strategies assist adoption of Enterprise Risk Management?

 

QRMC frequently assists organisations to develop or expand their risk management programs to embrace Enterprise Risk Management. Our experience suggests that useful strategies to successfully move to Enterprise Risk Management include:

  • Strong committed, visible leadership.
  • Recognising that risk management is an ongoing (not once-off) process.
  • Treating risk management as a tool to achieve business objectives, not as a compliance exercise.
  • Extensive consultation with, and training of, personnel (at all levels).
  • Consistently integrating ERM across all systems and functional areas within the organisation.

Special considerations for business or department amalgamation

 

A regular feature of contemporary business is the process of amalgamation, either of existing segments of an organisation, or of one business with a completely independent second business (M&A).

Determining the business objectives of a new organisation formed in this way is not always a straightforward exercise. The clarity provided by the risk management process greatly assists this determination.

However, amalgamation poses particular difficulties when it comes to the risk management program:

  1. There are often difficulties involved in assimilating risk-related information from different sources, produced using different methods.
  2. Amalgamation poses the threat of extending the commonly experienced problem of risk management “silos” (as mentioned above) even further by creating silos based on the original business or department entities.

On the positive side, these difficulties present an opportunity to reach solutions by upgrading existing risk management systems to Enterprise Risk Management. Moving the new entity to Enterprise Risk Management provides opportunities to:

  1. Clearly identify the objectives of the new entity, and what risks and opportunities exist in achieving these objectives.
  2. Break down barriers and foster a new organisation-wide approach to risk management and the determination of uniform risk appetite.

Next steps

 

Risk management as a discipline has proven its value over time. Now businesses can extend this value even further by upgrading to Enterprise Risk Management.

For more information on Enterprise Risk Management, safety management, business continuity management and management systems, contact us. We are experts in providing independent and objective facilitation of the process of upgrading or developing new Enterprise Risk Management programs. You can also access other informative articles on our News page dealing with Enterprise Risk Management, as well as newsletters downloadable from our Publications page covering Enterprise Risk Management issues.

Spider Veins – Cause and Treatments

Sometimes, you might have noticed red and blue blood vessels visible through your skin. Did you become slightly embarrassed or worried about them? Do you wonder what they are? They are known as spider veins. Let’s discuss the causes and various treatments of spider vein.

The causes of spider veins
Spider veins are a mild manifestation of venous reflux disease. This means a small, tangled groups of blood vessels that are found just under the skin’s surface. The veins are slightly dilated, and have the appearance of spider webs or branches, and generally spread out on the legs and feet.

What are the risk factors?
Spider vein risk factors are like those associated with varicose veins, and include older age, obesity, occupations requiring extended periods of standing, hormonal changes and heredity factors (weak vessel walls). One can also suffer from this condition because of weak vessel walls or from exposure to ultraviolet rays.

Considering the risk factors, some people will be more prone to this problem than others. For example, if you work as a surgeon, a teacher or a nurse, the chances are higher that you may suffer from spider veins. Similarly, for people with a genetic history of weak vein valves, the probability of developing spider veins is also high. The same applies to hormonal changes, which mainly occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause.

The exact cause of spider veins is yet to be established. Existing risk factors can be divided into two wide sub-divisions, i.e. congenital causes and acquired causes. In congenital causes, there port-wine stain, Maffucci’s syndrome and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (also known as osler-weber-rendu syndrome), among others. The acquired causes include chemotherapy, acne rosacea and lifestyle/occupation risk factors (as mentioned above).

Spider vein symptoms
Spider veins can be painful in some cases, with cramping and aching. They are also closely linked to heaviness in the legs, and throbbing, burning or tingling sensations. Also, symptoms such as itching, fatigue and swelling can also be experienced. In advanced cases, this condition can develop phlebitis, large sores and ulcers. However, spider veins are noticed by their appearance in the majority of incidences.

Tests and Diagnosis
Doctors normally use non-invasive diagnostic tests to diagnose this condition. These tests are perfectly safe and painless, with no needles, scalpels or medication being involved. The entire procedure is normally very brief, and generally won’t take you more than one hour.

There are three main questions that doctors seek to answer through these tests. Firstly, they want to establish any evidence of deep vein blood clots. Secondly, they discover whether the veins are functioning properly. And lastly, they test the Greater Saphenous Vein (GSV) to determine if it is working well or not.

A competent vein specialist will always undertake this exercise before treating your condition. Some of the procedures that you can expect include:

*Color-flow Duplex Exam – This is used to evaluate the anatomy of the affected veins. It determines the direction of blood flow, openings and blockages. This procedure is also important in the process of vein mapping (needed for skin deep problems).

*Bi-directional Doppler Exam – This is an ultrasound exam used to determine the speed of blood flow and whether it pauses during normal breathing. It also seeks to identify whether your veins are working properly.

*Photoplethysmography – Phew! Don’t let this complicated medical word intimidate you. Photoplethysmography is basically a diagnostic procedure that determines the efficiency of your calf muscle pump.

*Pressure Calf Exam – In performing this exam, you’ll be asked to lie facing upwards with your legs raised above your chest. This diagnostic procedure identifies vessel blockages.

Treatment
After establishing the nature of your problem, the doctor can then recommend the best treatment plan for you. There are several available options:

Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy involves the doctor injecting a saline solution into the affected veins. This solution then damages the affected vessel walls, causing them to swell and seal shut. Eventually the scar tissue will fade away. The sclerotherapy procedure takes approximately thirty minutes, and has only mild side-effects. Although the injection may be a bit painful, the stinging sensation is usually gone within a few minutes.

Laser & Intense Pulsed Light
This treatment employs the use of a specialized device that focuses laser energy to the damaged tissue. The whole procedure only takes twenty minutes, and has minimal side-effects.

Natural Remedies
Natural remedies can mean the difference between undergoing medical procedures or not, and are valuable alongside medical treatment. Some of the recommended herbal remedies include:

*Horse Chestnut Seed – Studies show that this seed helps to improve blood circulation in the legs thus strengthening the veins and capillaries.

*Bilberry Extract – This herbal extract is known to stimulate new capillary formation thus strengthening the capillary walls.

*Butchers Broom – This herb strengthens veins.

*Gotu Kola – A very effective extract which addresses venous insufficiency, foot swelling and water retention. It therefore provides a good solution to spider veins found on the legs.

*Distilled Witch Hazel – This is directly applied on the affected areas using a cotton ball. Numerous clinical studies show that this extract can help strengthen blood vessels.

Caution: For health safety purposes, do not start using any herbal remedies without consulting a qualified doctor.

Spider veins prevention
Two of the most important things regarding the prevention of spider veins are eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. Eating a diet higher in fresh, raw fruits and vegetables than meat and convenience food is crucial, and if your job requires you to stand for a long time, you need to regularly shift your body weight from one leg to another as well as standing evenly balanced.

To sum things up, the procedure of a spider vein removal is chosen by several key factors. Your specialist will choose the optimum treatment options based on the results obtained from the diagnostic tests. We hope that this article will provide all the necessary guidance you need in addressing this problem.

For more information about spider veins Brisbane, contact the leg vein doctor Brisbane today.

WordPress Courses Brisbane

WordPress is one of the leading publishing platforms for most bloggers on the Internet and if you are running an online enterprise, you are also better off having a WordPress blog or website for your business. Originally a blogging platform, WordPress has morphed into a web platform that helps users create instant sites that are customizable with a variety of themes and plug-ins. Although there’s a short learning curve when it comes to using WordPress effectively as your main website, anyone can learn how to do so with a good WordPress course. WordPress training Brisbane is ideal for anyone in the area who is looking to learn about the basics of setting up a WordPress website, how to keep it up and running and how to optimize the site for targeted search traffic.

WordPress Training for Your Business: Taking Your Business to the Next Level
If you do not have a website for your business, you are putting yourself at a distinct disadvantage from those who maintain an active online presence. A website is your online portal, the place where you brand, products and services are made accessible to a global audience. Without a good website you are limited to traditional modes of advertising and losing potential clients to more -tech savvy competitors. The good news is that you do not need an extensive knowledge in website-making in order to get a website up and running. This is where WordPress comes in handy, because it allows anyone with the most basic knowledge of the Internet to have a website up and running in matter of hours.

Why Choose WordPress?
WordPress is the perfect option because it is an open source system and it already lays down the foundations for anyone to build a website in just one day. WordPress comes with a wide array of functionality and features, however, so you need to spend a few hours learning what features are best for you and what WordPress features you can do without. WordPress has thousands of themes, both free and paid, as well as plug-ins that will extend the capabilities of your website. You need to know what features and plug-ins will provide the most benefit to your site and which plug-ins will only slow it down. For example, experts will recommend that for business enterprises, using WordPress pages, not posts is a better option if you want to create a structure for a standard website. Adding a separate blog is also a good idea so that entrepreneurs will have a space where they can post updates and connect with customers on a more personal level.

Wordpress has also improved the support system for business users with WordPress.com Business, which is composed of forums and direct email support to provide help when users encounter problems as they set-up their sites. This section also contains useful information for those who are just starting out with a WordPress site and are not too confident if they are on the right track. With these resources and practical help gained from a WordPress training course, anyone can create a successful site that is efficient and effective for online marketing in just a matter of hours.

Wordpress is a great option for entrepreneurs because it is one of the most widely-used blogging platforms today so once set up, you can connect with other WordPress users and start carving out an audience. Interaction with non-Wordpress users is also easy and convenient, since the platform allows non-users to comment and browse through WordPress sites with minimal identification requirements and cross-linking with social networking platforms.

A WordPress training course is tailored to help you navigate these areas so that at the end of the day you are able to create a WordPress website that will take your business to the next level. A website is easy to make with WordPress as your platform but tweaking it so that it reflects your brand and personality and so that it becomes an effective marketing machine is another story. With a WordPress course you can learn these skills directly from the experts in practical, small group courses where you are given hands-on and personalized instruction tailored to the niche you want to occupy.

Metal Fabrication – History and Use in Mining Industry

Metal fabrication began in the earliest civilizations when the metals gold, mercury, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper were discovered. These metals were worked by early artisans into decorative pieces, religious iconography, and jewelry. Items of a practical nature were forged from metal including coinage, tools, and weapons. Using heat and tools, metalworkers began to make functional objects and the industry developed through the years advancing and gaining value from society.

As an industrialised society, the world cannot live without metal; it is essential to almost every industry from mining and heavy industry to agriculture and medical equipment.

Specialist engineers and manufacturers fabricate metal and metal alloys, which are made from a combination of different metals for a staggering number of uses. The pivotal role of metal has been responsible for significant advances in technology, construction, transport, and agri-science. Metal has strength; it is very low maintenance and will last a lifetime and more. Specialist metal fabrication companies are made up of a group of skilled people who all have a role in the process of turning metal into supports for a building, heavy duty mining equipment or boilers and tanks to name a few.

Metal fabrication is a series of processes used to manufacture an object from metal. The specialised equipment involved includes laser cutting machinery, turret punches, machine centers, rollers, welding machinery, water jets, and metal shears. The metals most commonly used for fabrication are aluminium, stainless steel, and carbon steel, which is in the form of sheets, tubing and bars. Most metal objects start life as sheet metal in varying thicknesses depending on the application. Thicker sheets are known as metal plate.

The process starts with the design and then the fabrication begins with the metal sheet being sheared, laser cut or punched into shapes. Once the required basic shape is achieved, the object goes next to the press brake machine to form any bends a process known as forming. Dies are used in the press brake to make the correct accurate shape according to the design plans. The product may be finished at this stage or will be just one component in a series that requires moving on to the next process, which is welding.

Welding is a skilled practice and the artistry of the welder is to take the component parts shaped and formed previously and weld all the pieces together to make the final product in accordance with the design. This final assembly is critical and it is up to the welder to use the welding technique necessary for the job in hand.

Metal fabrication is essential to heavy industry such as mining. The manufacturing of support equipment, skids, conveyor belts, tanks, crushers, drill rigs and hydraulic lifting equipment through to pipe work are all the result of the metal fabrication process. In the mining industry there are very often special requests for one off pieces of equipment that are needed in a hurry and the metal fabrication business that can design and manufacture the product to implementation on site is the company that has the advantage. Metal fabricators may also be called upon to repair equipment or weld a broken object. Mining relies upon rugged, tough machinery often needing custom manufacturing or enhancements making metal fabricators an essential support service to the industry.

Reputable metal fabricators have the ability to design high quality, complex products with precision and manufacture them to full compliance with the specification, which is essential to mining companies who need to be operational at all times. Other metal fabrications for the mining industry include chutes, bins, screen stands, safety guards, stairs, catwalks, platforms and wear plates.

Metal is an essential material for mankind and industry and has the ability to be recycled over and over again which makes it a valuable resource for the global environment. The long working life of all metal fabrications due to its durability means once your product is manufactured, you will not have to worry about it, as it is highly unlikely it will need your attention again.

The mining industry is reliant upon the equipment and the expertise of metal fabricators not only for mine construction but also for ongoing support and maintenance in such rugged environments. For metal fabrication Mackay or metal repairs Mackay, contact 3D Engineering Mackay today.