WEB DESIGN USING GRID-BASED LAYOUT METHOD

With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, web developer brisbane Nets and Webs

Why You Should Buy A Treadmill – The Health Benefits

The treadmill is one among the most popular pieces of equipment at any gym. The popularity of this piece of equipment may be attributed to the many benefits that people get from using it as an aerobic exercise tool. Treadmills are easy to use and give you the ability to control every aspect of your work out. You can walk, jog or run. The treadmill also gives you the power to diversify you workout routine e.g. you can make a treadmill simulate a hill. Most importantly, people usually reap massive health benefit when they use treadmills to exercise. Here are some of the health benefits of using treadmills to exercise;

1. Reduces the risk of diseases affecting the cardiovascular system

Cardiovascular diseases are a common problem facing many people in the world today. Victims of cardiovascular diseases are usually people that do not work out to keep their cardiovascular system working properly. When you do an intense work out using a treadmill, you strengthen you heart and lungs. By spending at least 30 minutes, 3 to 5 days a week on your treadmill, you significantly reduce you chances of getting heart diseases and many other chronic diseases such as cancer, asthma, arthritis and diabetes.

2. Helps you lose weight

Being overweight not only makes you hate the way your body looks but also puts you at a risk of diseases such as stroke, coronary heart diseases, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis among others. You can burn a lot of calories when walking running or jogging on a treadmill. For example, when jogging at a speed of 9.6 kilometres per hour on your treadmill, you can burn up to 650 calories. If you want to burn more calories, you can simply adjust the settings to increase the speed and/or incline to make a routine more challenging. Therefore, if you want to lose weight the healthy way, get yourself a treadmill. It is the ultimate equipment that any person that wants to lose weight fast should own.

3. Helps to strengthen your bones

When you work out on a treadmill, you create strong healthy bones. You can never be a victim of conditions affecting the bones (such as osteoporosis) if you have been constantly working out on you treadmill. This is because as you walk, jog or run on a treadmill, you put more weight on your bones causing them to grow to be strong.

4. Improves your mood

An intense exercise on a treadmill stimulates your body to produce certain chemicals in your brain that help to bring a ??feel good mood’. The sense of well being that comes from working out on this piece of equipment makes you have a positive outlook on life and can also help you manage stressful situations. Prolonged stress is dangerous because it can lead to serious health problems. Medical research proves that exercising is one among the most effective ways of preventing stress and treating depression. Hence, if you want to relieve yourself from stress, just walk, jog or run on a treadmill as much as you can.

5. Improves your joint motion

If you have suffered back, knee, hip or ankle injury, a treadmill can greatly help you to recover. This is because as you use the treadmill, the joints on your back, knee, hip and ankle are kept in motion. This helps to reduce the stiffness in these joints. Doing a gently walk everyday on your treadmill will help you regain your flexibility by loosening your joints.

6. Increases your energy

When you exercise on a treadmill, you strengthen your heart and lungs. This improves their ability to supply nutrients to oxygen to all parts of the body. The result of all body tissues receiving the nutrients and oxygen they need is increased energy throughout the day.

Treadmills are considered as the most effective cardio machine that can be found in a gym. A treadmill gives you the opportunity to walk, jog or run at the comfort of your home. If you own a treadmill, you will never have to worry about the weather interfering with your work out plans. This explains why they are increasingly becoming common accessories in many homes. Therefore, if you have been looking for aerobics equipment that will keep you body healthy, get yourself a treadmill.

Spider Veins – Cause and Treatments

Sometimes, you might have noticed red and blue blood vessels visible through your skin. Did you become slightly worried or embarrassed about them? Do you wonder what they are? They are called spider veins. Here, we will discuss the causes and treatments of spider vein.

The causes of spider veins
Spider veins are a mild manifestation of venous reflux disease. They are small, tangled groups of blood vessels found just beneath the surface of the skin. The veins are slightly dilated, and have the appearance of spider webs or branches, and normally spread out around the legs and feet.

What are the risk factors?
Spider vein risk factors are similar to those associated with varicose veins, and include advancing age, obesity, occupations requiring extended periods of standing, hormonal changes and heredity factors (weak vessel walls). One can also suffer from this condition because of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays or as a result of weak vessel walls.

From the risk factors, it is clear that some people are prone to this problem than others. For example, if you work as a surgeon, a teacher or a nurse, chances are higher that you could suffer from spider veins. Similarly, if there is a family history of weak vein valves, the probability of developing spider veins is also high. The same applies regarding hormonal changes, which mainly occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause.

The exact cause of spider veins is yet to be established. Existing risk factors can be divided into two wide sub-divisions, i.e. acquired causes and congenital. In congenital causes, is Maffucci’s syndrom, port-wine stain and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (also known as osler-weber-rendu syndrome), among others. The acquired causes include chemotherapy, acne rosacea and lifestyle/occupation risk factors (as discussed above).

What symptoms are associated with spider veins?
Spider veins can be painful in some cases, generally accompanying cramping and aching. They are also closely linked to heaviness in the legs, and tingling, burning or throbbing feelings. In addition, symptoms such as itching, swelling and fatigue can also be experienced. In serious cases, this condition can develop large sores, phlebitis and ulcers. However, spider veins are detected by their appearance in a majority of incidences.

Tests and Diagnosis
Doctors generally employ non-invasive diagnostic tests to diagnose this condition. These tests are perfectly safe and painless, with no needles, scalpels or medication being involved. The entire procedure is normally very brief, and generally won’t take more than one hour.

There are three main things that doctors seek to answer through these tests. First, they are seeking to establish any evidence of deep vein blood clots. Secondly, they discover if the veins are functioning properly. Lastly, they test the Greater Saphenous Vein (GSV) to determine whether it is working well.

Any competent vein specialist will always undertake this exercise before treating your condition. Some of the procedures that you can expect include:

*Color-flow Duplex Exam – This is used to evaluate the anatomy of the affected veins. It determines the direction of blood flow, openings and blockages. This procedure is also important in the process of vein mapping (done for skin deep problems).

*Bi-directional Doppler Exam – This is an ultrasound exam used to determine the speed of blood flow and whether it pauses during normal breathing. It also seeks to identify whether your veins are working properly.

*Photoplethysmography – Phew! Don’t let this complicated medical term intimidate you. Photoplethysmography is basically a diagnostic procedure that is used to determine the efficiency of your calf muscle pump.

*Pressure Calf Exam – In performing this exam, you’ll lie facing upwards with legs raised higher than your chest. This diagnostic procedure identifies vessel blockages.

Treatment
After establishing the specific nature of your problem, the doctor will then recommend the best treatment for you. There are several available options:

Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy involves the doctor injecting a saline solution into the affected veins. The solution then damages the affected vessel walls, causing them to swell and seal shut. Within several weeks the scar tissue will fade. The sclerotherapy procedure takes about 30 minutes, and has only mild side-effects. Although the injection may be a bit painful, the stinging sensation is usually gone within a few minutes.

Laser & Intense Pulsed Light
This treatment option employs the use of a specialised device that focuses laser energy to the affected tissue. The whole procedure only takes 20 minutes, and has minimal side-effects.

Natural Remedies
Natural remedies can mean the difference between undergoing medical procedures or not, and are valuable alongside medical treatment. Some of the recommended herbal remedies include:

*Horse Chestnut Seed – Studies show that this seed helps to improve blood circulation in the legs thus strengthening the veins and capillaries.

*Bilberry Extract – This herbal extract is known to stimulate new capillary formation thus strengthening the capillary walls.

*Butchers Broom – This herb strengthens veins.

*Gotu Kola – A very effective extract in addressing venous insufficiency, foot swelling and water retention. It therefore provides a good solution to spider veins found on the legs.

*Distilled Witch Hazel – This is directly applied on the affected areas using a cotton ball. Numerous clinical studies show that this extract can help strengthen blood vessels.

Caution: For health safety purposes, do not start using any herbal remedies without consulting a qualified doctor.

Spider veins prevention
Two of the most important things regarding the prevention of spider veins are eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. Eating a diet higher in fresh, raw fruits and vegetables than meat and convenience food is very important, and if your job requires you to stand for a long time, you need to regularly shift your body weight from one leg to another as well as standing evenly balanced.

To sum things up, the procedure of a spider vein removal is chosen according to several key factors. Your specialist will choose the optimum treatment options based on the results obtained from the diagnostic tests. We hope that this article will provide all the necessary guidance you need in addressing this problem.

For more information about spider veins Brisbane, contact the leg vein doctor Brisbane today.

WordPress Courses Brisbane

WordPress is one of the leading publishing platforms for most bloggers on the Internet and if you are running an online enterprise, you are also better off having a WordPress blog or website for your business. Originally a blogging platform, WordPress has morphed into a web platform that helps users create instant sites that are customizable with a variety of themes and plug-ins. Although there’s a short learning curve when it comes to using WordPress effectively as your main website, anyone can learn how to do so with a good WordPress course. WordPress training Brisbane is ideal for anyone in the area who is looking to learn about the basics of setting up a WordPress website, how to keep it up and running and how to optimize the site for targeted search traffic.

WordPress Training for Your Business: Taking Your Business to the Next Level
If you do not have a website for your business, you are putting yourself at a distinct disadvantage from those who maintain an active online presence. A website is your online portal, the place where you brand, products and services are made accessible to a global audience. Without a good website you are limited to traditional modes of advertising and losing potential clients to more -tech savvy competitors. The good news is that you do not need an extensive knowledge in website-making in order to get a website up and running. This is where WordPress comes in handy, because it allows anyone with the most basic knowledge of the Internet to have a website up and running in matter of hours.

Why Choose WordPress?
WordPress is the perfect option because it is an open source system and it already lays down the foundations for anyone to build a website in just one day. WordPress comes with a wide array of functionality and features, however, so you need to spend a few hours learning what features are best for you and what WordPress features you can do without. WordPress has thousands of themes, both free and paid, as well as plug-ins that will extend the capabilities of your website. You need to know what features and plug-ins will provide the most benefit to your site and which plug-ins will only slow it down. For example, experts will recommend that for business enterprises, using WordPress pages, not posts is a better option if you want to create a structure for a standard website. Adding a separate blog is also a good idea so that entrepreneurs will have a space where they can post updates and connect with customers on a more personal level.

Wordpress has also improved the support system for business users with WordPress.com Business, which is composed of forums and direct email support to provide help when users encounter problems as they set-up their sites. This section also contains useful information for those who are just starting out with a WordPress site and are not too confident if they are on the right track. With these resources and practical help gained from a WordPress training course, anyone can create a successful site that is efficient and effective for online marketing in just a matter of hours.

Wordpress is a great option for entrepreneurs because it is one of the most widely-used blogging platforms today so once set up, you can connect with other WordPress users and start carving out an audience. Interaction with non-Wordpress users is also easy and convenient, since the platform allows non-users to comment and browse through WordPress sites with minimal identification requirements and cross-linking with social networking platforms.

A WordPress training course is tailored to help you navigate these areas so that at the end of the day you are able to create a WordPress website that will take your business to the next level. A website is easy to make with WordPress as your platform but tweaking it so that it reflects your brand and personality and so that it becomes an effective marketing machine is another story. With a WordPress course you can learn these skills directly from the experts in practical, small group courses where you are given hands-on and personalized instruction tailored to the niche you want to occupy.

Metal Fabrication – History and Use in Mining Industry

Metal fabrication began in the earliest civilizations when the metals gold, mercury, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper were discovered. These metals were worked by early artisans into decorative pieces, religious iconography, and jewelry. Items of a practical nature were forged from metal including coinage, tools, and weapons. Using heat and tools, metalworkers began to make functional objects and the industry developed through the years advancing and gaining value from society.

As an industrialised society, the world cannot live without metal; it is essential to almost every industry from mining and heavy industry to agriculture and medical equipment.

Specialist engineers and manufacturers fabricate metal and metal alloys, which are made from a combination of different metals for a staggering number of uses. The pivotal role of metal has been responsible for significant advances in technology, construction, transport, and agri-science. Metal has strength; it is very low maintenance and will last a lifetime and more. Specialist metal fabrication companies are made up of a group of skilled people who all have a role in the process of turning metal into supports for a building, heavy duty mining equipment or boilers and tanks to name a few.

Metal fabrication is a series of processes used to manufacture an object from metal. The specialised equipment involved includes laser cutting machinery, turret punches, machine centers, rollers, welding machinery, water jets, and metal shears. The metals most commonly used for fabrication are aluminium, stainless steel, and carbon steel, which is in the form of sheets, tubing and bars. Most metal objects start life as sheet metal in varying thicknesses depending on the application. Thicker sheets are known as metal plate.

The process starts with the design and then the fabrication begins with the metal sheet being sheared, laser cut or punched into shapes. Once the required basic shape is achieved, the object goes next to the press brake machine to form any bends a process known as forming. Dies are used in the press brake to make the correct accurate shape according to the design plans. The product may be finished at this stage or will be just one component in a series that requires moving on to the next process, which is welding.

Welding is a skilled practice and the artistry of the welder is to take the component parts shaped and formed previously and weld all the pieces together to make the final product in accordance with the design. This final assembly is critical and it is up to the welder to use the welding technique necessary for the job in hand.

Metal fabrication is essential to heavy industry such as mining. The manufacturing of support equipment, skids, conveyor belts, tanks, crushers, drill rigs and hydraulic lifting equipment through to pipe work are all the result of the metal fabrication process. In the mining industry there are very often special requests for one off pieces of equipment that are needed in a hurry and the metal fabrication business that can design and manufacture the product to implementation on site is the company that has the advantage. Metal fabricators may also be called upon to repair equipment or weld a broken object. Mining relies upon rugged, tough machinery often needing custom manufacturing or enhancements making metal fabricators an essential support service to the industry.

Reputable metal fabricators have the ability to design high quality, complex products with precision and manufacture them to full compliance with the specification, which is essential to mining companies who need to be operational at all times. Other metal fabrications for the mining industry include chutes, bins, screen stands, safety guards, stairs, catwalks, platforms and wear plates.

Metal is an essential material for mankind and industry and has the ability to be recycled over and over again which makes it a valuable resource for the global environment. The long working life of all metal fabrications due to its durability means once your product is manufactured, you will not have to worry about it, as it is highly unlikely it will need your attention again.

The mining industry is reliant upon the equipment and the expertise of metal fabricators not only for mine construction but also for ongoing support and maintenance in such rugged environments. For metal fabrication Mackay or metal repairs Mackay, contact 3D Engineering Mackay today.